彩票快速赛车网站:What Is the Order of the Garter? Its Group of Knights Was Inspired by Arthurian Legend

Queen Elizabeth continues the tradition first founded in 1348.

  • The 2019 edition of Order of the Garter took place on June 17, and was attended by members of the royal family such as the Duchess of Cambridge and Prince William.
  • Founded in 1348 by King Edward III, the Order of the Garter is said to be inspired by King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.
  • Queen Elizabeth currently serves as the Sovereign of the Garter, and is responsible for appointing new Knights to the Order.

    The Order of the Garter service takes place annually, with members of the royal family dressing up in ceremonial robes for the prestigious event.

    But what exactly is the Order of the Garter, and who is allowed to be involved in the celebration?

    The Order of the Garter is inspired by King Arthur.

    Per the royal family's website, the Order of the Garter is "a group of honourable knights," described as "the oldest and most senior Order of Chivalry in Britain." It was created in 1348 by King Edward III, who was fascinated with the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table.

    According to Windsor Castle's College of St. George, it was in 1344 that Edward "promised to renew King Arthur’s celebrated fraternity of knights, the Round Table, with its complement of 300 men." Plans changed, and when the king founded the College of St. George at Windsor Castle, he was able to start a smaller group of 26 knights, which has continued to this day.

    Order Of The Garter Service At Windsor Castle
    WPA PoolGetty Images

    It's steeped in tradition.

    While the Knights in the Order used to be strictly chosen from the aristocracy, this is apparently no longer the case. Instead, Queen Elizabeth, as Sovereign of the Garter, is responsible for appointing Knights to the Order, who are "chosen from a variety of backgrounds, in recognition for their public service."

    The Order of the Garter is named "after the symbol of the garter worn by its members," per the College of St. George. It even has its own motto, per the royal family's website: "Honi soit qui mal y pense," which means, "Shame on him who thinks this evil."

    Order Of The Garter Service At Windsor Castle
    Queen Elizabeth at the Order of the Garter Service in 2019.
    WPA PoolGetty Images

    Each knight also displays several things in St. George's Chapel, including a banner of arms, a helmet, a crest, a sword, and an enameled stall plate.


    What happens on Garter Day?

    The annual Garter Day celebration always takes place at Windsor Castle, with the official service being held in St. George's Chapel. The yearly event is when Queen Elizabeth makes new appointments, "by investing any Companions with the Order's insignia in the Throne Room of the Castle," per the royal family's website.

    "The annual iconic Garter Day procession, where The Queen and the Knights process in grand velvet robes, glistening insignia, and plumed hats, is one of the most traditional ceremonies in the Queen's calendar," the official website explains.

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    Today is Garter Day! The Queen and members of The Royal Family will attend a service and a ceremony at Windsor Castle where new appointments to “The Order of the Garter” will be made. The King of Spain and The King of the Netherlands will also attend this year’s Garter Day, during which they were installed in St. George’s Chapel as Supernumerary, or ‘Stranger’, Knights of the Garter. The Garter Day tradition dates back over 700 years when, in medieval times, King Edward III was inspired by tales of King Arthur and the chivalry of the Knights of the Round Table that he set up his own group of honourable knights, called the Order of the Garter. The Knights are chosen from a variety of backgrounds, in recognition for public service. Today, the Order includes the Queen, who is Sovereign of the Garter, several senior Members of the Royal Family including the Prince of Wales and Duke of Cambridge, and twenty-four knights chosen in recognition of their work. St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle has been the spiritual home of the Order since its foundation. In the Quire of the Chapel are brass stall plates recording the Order’s membership through the centuries. 📷1 shows King George V and Queen Mary at Garter Day, 📷 2 shows The Queen, then Princess Elizabeth in 1948, 📷 3 shows Knight of the Garter Sir Winston Churchill (centre in robes) in 1954 📷 4 shows Sir Winston Churchill’s stall plate New appointments to "The Garter" will be invested in the Garter Throne Room and include a Lady Companion, athlete Lady Mary Peters, and a Knight Companion, the Marquess of Salisbury, a former Chairman of the Thames Diamond Jubilee Foundation. Pictures 1-3: PA Images Picture 4: Royal Communications

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    While the Order of the Garter was previously just a small group, it is now tradition for the Sovereign of the Garter to install supernumerary, or Stranger Knights of the Garter. This year, she bestowed that honor upon King Felipe VI of Spain and King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.


    Not all members of the royal family take part.

    While Prince William was appointed as a Knight of the Garter in 2008, per The Telegraph, Prince Harry is not yet a member. So while Kate Middleton supported her husband at this year's event, Meghan Markle was not present in 2019.

    As Marlene Koenig, a British and European royalty expert, told BAZAAR.com in 2018, "The Duke of Sussex is not a Knight of the Garter and will probably not be invested until his father is King." She continued, "The Duchess of Sussex has never attended and will probably not attend until Harry is named."

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